Types of Senior Housing and Care


Active Adult Community: Usually offer a choice of spacious homes rather than apartments, often with a clubhouse in which a variety of activities are planned for residents. Monthly fees may cover services such as housekeeping and maintenance, but meals are usually not included.


Apartments: Apartments for seniors who are totally independent. Meal service, activity, programs and services usually aren't included.


CCRC: Continuing Care Retirement Community. Full service communities offering a long-term contract that provides for a continuum of care, including retirement, assisted living and nursing services, all on one campus.


Retirement: Totally independent living with amenities such as meals, transportation and activities usually included in a monthly fee.


Assisted Living: Multi-unit facilities that provide assistance with medications and daily activities such as bathing and dressing.


Residential: Usually single family homes licensed to provide assistance with medications, bathing and dressing.


Group Home: Serves the Elderly and Disabled who do not require constant medical supervision but cannot live independently. These persons may be on medication but must be self-compliant and ambulatory (assistance such as wheelchair or walker allowed).


Alzheimer’s: Facilities offering specialized programs for residents suffering from Alzheimer's Disease or other forms of memory loss. These programs can be offered by Residential, Assisted Living or Nursing facilities.


Nursing/Rehab: Facilities licensed to provide skilled nursing services under the supervision of licensed nurses.


Congregate Care: Usually single family homes licensed to provide assistance with medication, bathing and dressing. Also, licensed to provide skilled nursing services under the supervision of licensed nurses.


Sub-Acute: Facilities licensed to provide nursing services, but specializing in higher levels of care.


Rehab: Comprehensive rehabilitation services include inpatient and outpatient treatment designed to restore and strengthen abilities.


Home Care: Includes both companies that provide licensed health care services in the home and companies who provide non-medical assistance with such tasks as bathing, dressing, meal preparation and transportation. Medicare and Medicaid provide financial assistance in some cases.


Hospice: Hospice care may be provided in the home or a senior care facility. Services can include pain management and a variety of emotional, Spiritual and physical support issues. Medicare, and Medicaid provide financial assistance, in some cases.


Day Care: Various programs provide a range of geriatric day services, including social, nutrition, nursing, and rehabilitation. Not all programs provide all services.


Sitter Service: Services of sitters, aides or private duty nurses or therapists in the home, hospital or residential facility on a private pay basis. May include personal care assistance, grooming, medication supervision, light housekeeping, transportation, nursing care or therapy.


Care Mangement: Offer advisory services addressing a wide range of senior issues, such as selecting a senior residence, choosing in-home care providers, and various financial options. Typically care managers evaluate senior's situation with regard to health needs, housing choices and financial needs and then provide a recommended care plan.


Behavioral Health: These are usually hospital-based programs that provide a range of geriatric psychiatric services in either an in-patient outpatient basis. Medicare & Medicaid (or Medi-CaI) provide financial assistance in some cases.


Physician Care: Medical professionals who offer health services or referrals to match the special needs of patients.